What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia

What is Presbyopia?

 

Presbyopia is a common eye condition that is progressive with age leading to a loss of clear focus on close objects. In other words, the normal reading distance is affected.

 

How does this eye condition affect my vision?

Near distance tasks such as reading, sewing or any other related activity that requires the focus on minor details becomes difficult. For example, while holding a newspaper, the distance between your eyes and the newspaper increases in order to adjust the focus for clearer vision. The far distance vision isn’t affected in presbyopia. The difficulty in closer vision tasks often results in tiredness, headaches etc.

 

What are the causes for presbyopia?

Presbyopia basically occurs with age. There is a special muscle in the eye that changes the shape of the lens. During the aging process, this muscle basically tightens up resulting in lesser flexibility. Due to this lesser ability to change the lens shape, focusing on closer objects becomes difficult for the person. Presbyopia is generally considered normal in terms of age as it is a very similar concept like greying hair or stiffening of joints. As every person experiences ageing, the occurrence of presbyopia cannot really be prevented.

 

How can I treat presbyopia?

Prescription glasses or contact lenses that are designed specifically to gain clearer vision for closer distances can help in correcting presbyopia. It is essential for the prescription to be correct in order to gain optimum ocular vision. There is no surgery treatment or cure for presbyopia. Upon discussing with your Optometrist, a guidance will be provided in terms of prescription and choosing the type of lenses. Although, the prescription glasses will solve the closer distance vision, the far distance vision will remain blurry while wearing them.

 

Having two prescription glasses for reading and distance can be a quite annoying. In such cases, it’s the bifocal or multi-focal glasses that can help you out well these days. Brands like Hoya and Essilor have well designed multi-focal lenses that suit your needs based on your lifestyle and glasses’ use.  

 

Does presbyopia indicate that my eyes are deteriorating?

False. Even though the close focus doesn’t function well, it can always be corrected with the help of prescription glasses as mentioned above. These glasses will enable you to see the same way as before. The occurrence of presbyopia does not indicate any deterioration to your ocular health.

 

In case of presbyopia, when should I renew my prescription?

The prescription details generally change in a significant manner between the ages 45 and 65 years. However, it is essential to have an eye test at least in every two years in order to be updated with your eye health. Should you face any issues with your vision within two to three years of your last eye test, you should immediately book an appointment with an optometrist as this will enable you to be aware of any eye condition or disorder as soon as possible for further correction/treatment.

 

Will my eyes get weaker upon wearing prescription glasses?

Wearing prescription glasses do not weaken the eyes nor does presbyopia discontinue. It won’t accelerate nor decrease due to prescription spectacles.